The influence of intrinsic values and universal acceptance in determining what is moral and what is

We are our brothers' and sisters' keepers, wherever they may be.

John Stuart Mill (1806—1873)

No doubt, if the action is punished, it is because it is contrary to an obligatory rule, but this rule is not expressly formulated. He does not try to make out what shape a good character has and then draw conclusions about how we ought to act on that basis. The point of this first project is to come up with a precise statement of the principle or principles on which all of our ordinary moral judgments are based.

On the contrary, sentiments such as filial love or charity are vague aspirations towards very general objects. The humanity in myself and others is also a positive end, though not in the first positive sense above, as something to be produced by my actions.

Indeed, we respect these laws to the degree, but only to the degree, that they do not violate values, laws or principles we hold more dear. Do we not have the same aversion, in times of peace, for the man who betrays his country as for the robber or the murderer?

Of course, other emotional responses — missing a thing, or being upset at its loss — ascribe objects only instrumental value. This calls for a heroic commitment on the part of Catholics who are politicians and other leaders in society.


Even with a system of moral duties in place, Kant admits that judgment is often required to determine how these duties apply to particular circumstances. For one of the best overall introductions to the history, see Millon, T.

The third is to curtail the promiscuous victimology that pervades the social sciences". The quasi- circumplex of stage-correlations has become one of the core validity criteria of the MCT.

The two types of aggression, instrumental and reactive, are not mutually exclusive.

Kant's Moral Philosophy

The cognitive-developmental approach to morality: The value of a good will thus cannot be that it secures certain valuable ends, whether of our own or of others, since their value is entirely conditional on our possessing and maintaining a good will.

To echo the teaching of the Second Vatican Council: In all he says and does, man is obliged to follow faithfully what he knows to be just and right" no.

It must be noted also that a well-formed Christian conscience does not permit one to vote for a political program or an individual law which contradicts the fundamental contents of faith and morals.

But in order to be a legislator of universal laws, such contingent motives, motives that rational agents such as ourselves may or may not have, must be set aside. Further, a satisfying answer to the question of what one ought to do would have to take into account any political and religious requirements there are.

This exercise of conscience begins with outright opposition to laws and other policies that violate human life or weaken its protection. For should this come to pass, it would not change the fact that each and every desire and interest could have run contrary to the moral law.

Aggressive narcissism, Factor 2: General poverty in any major affective reactions or emotions Smith explains the need for general rules using an example: We are to respect human beings simply because they are persons and this requires a certain sort of regard.

Rather, it posits that things have value independent of any relations, including normative ones, to human beings. As the Holy Father also taught in Deus Caritas Est, "The direct duty to work for a just ordering of society is proper to the lay faithful" no.

Fredrickson advances a new theory describing the form and function of joy, interest, contentment, and love. The right to life implies and is linked to other human rights-to the basic goods that every human person needs to live and thrive.

This belief may seem peculiar today, in large part because it is now common to distinguish between what a person ought to do and what is in his own interest. Their reasoning behind it may have been the confusion of the term psychopathy with psychotic - two similar sounding terms that represent very different disorders.

It remains to be seen whether, on this complicated interpretation of Kant, it sufficiently allows for the possibility that one can knowingly and willingly do wrong if the will is practical reason and practical reason is, in part, the moral law. We will briefly sketch one way of doing so for the perfect duty to others to refrain from lying promises and the imperfect duty to ourselves to develop talents.

This term was used in the 5th century to refer to a class of professional teachers of rhetoric and argument. Know that even great worldly wealth and the accumulation of material things are of little worth compared with the priceless treasures: The former are assumed to lead to changes that can be understood from the individual's previous personality, whereas disease processes lead to changes that are not predictable from the inividual's premorbid status.

Sometimes called "dark personality.


Porter Stone Like a spoonful of India ink in a jar of water, even a 'little' psychopathy goes a long way in coloring the personality and in determining the life-course. The Holy Father called for "Eucharistic consistency" on the part of every member of the Church: Despite the common place application of simple structure, some psychological models are defined by a lack of simple structure.

Positive psychology, on the other hand, is tied to a program of empirical and replicable scientific activity.These values are the magnets in my moral compass. They allow me to make difficult decisions with conviction where many men might waiver.

Having values—and being able to define them—makes life easier. The intrinsic value of persons is often taken as the moral foundation of basic human rights regardless of occupation, economic status, social class, nationality, race, gender, etc.

The notions "instrumental value" and "intrinsic value" may also apply to objects of environmental concern. E ARE RAISING TODAY, the men and women who will lead us tomorrow. It is a responsibility that should not be taken lightly.


It should be done with forethought and with a consideration of the kind of world we hope they and we will live in when it’s their turn to lead. CHAPTER 17 The Foundations of Curriculum whether they attempt to preserve or reshape society, curriculum policymakers are inescapably involved in a political act, for their positions will have some bearing upon who gets what, when and how now and in the future.

Ideas for moral competence research. Moral CompetenceTest (MCT) Konstanz Method of Dilemma Discussion (KMDD) Improvement of Teaching Through Self-Monitored Evaluation (ITSE). Downloadable papers (restricted). For access of papers with restricted access please contact me. PREFACE. The yearning for happiness, the desire to achieve a fully satisfying life, is forever deeply rooted in the human heart.

Positive psychology.

The realization of this desire depends mainly on our behaviour, which agrees, but sometimes clashes with that of others.

The influence of intrinsic values and universal acceptance in determining what is moral and what is
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